Grammaire du beria (langue saharienne)

Grammaire du beria (langue saharienne)

Grammaire du beria (langue saharienne)

Grammaire du beria (langue saharienne)

ISBN 978-3-89645-136-1

Grammaire du beria (langue saharienne)

Avec un glossaire français–beria

Author: Angelika Jakobi, Joachim Crass. In collaboration with: Bakhit Seby Abdoulaye. Series edited by: M. Lionel Bender †, Franz Rottland †, Norbert Cyffer.

Series: NISA Nilo-Saharan – Studies in Language and Context Volume 18

14 pp. Roman, 292 pp.
1 map, 1 family tree diagram, numerous tables and charts, index of persons, subject index
Text language(s): French
Format: 160 x 240 mm
650 g
€ 59.80

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Beria, also known by the xenonym Zaghawa, is a Saharan language spoken by some 190,000 people in the regions of Wadai and Darfur on the border of Chad and Sudan. Saharan forms a branch of the Nilo-Saharan phylum. Besides Beria, the Saharan group includes three more languages: Kanuri-Kanembu of north-eastern Nigeria and the Lake Chad area, Teda-Daza of northern Chad and eastern Niger, and the now extinct Berti of eastern Darfur.

This is the first grammar of Beria. It focusses on the Kube dialect and is based on several periods of fieldwork carried out in Chad from 1998 to 2002. A striking feature of nouns is that number is solely marked by tone alternations. The finite verb distinguishes up to ten morpheme slots but actual forms are often reduced due to morphophonological processes. Verbal inflection makes much use of portmanteau morphemes, fusing aspect, negation, person, and number.

As in the other Saharan languages, there are three verb classes. Class I exclusively contains middle voice verbs. They are obligatory marked both by the third person subject suffix and by an object prefix that varies according to person. The verb system distinguishes between finite verbs and converbs. Unlike the finite verbs, the converbs are morphologically reduced and cannot occur in clause final position.

There are two types of converbs: One is based on the perfective, mainly expressing chronological sequence, the other one is based on the imperfective, mainly expressing purpose. Basic word order is strictly Subject – Object – Verb. In the noun phrase the order is Head – Modifier. The genitive noun phrase has two constructions, a synthetic and an analytic one. The synthetic construction is special because the modifier precedes the head noun. As for its system of grammatical relations, Beria exhibits features both of a nominative-accusative and an ergative-absolutive system. Intransitive clauses are characterized by a split-S system. Some intransitive verbs code their subject like the agent of a transitive clause, other intransitive verbs code their subject like the patient of a transitive clause.

Furthermore, when the subject noun phrase of an intransitive clause is focussed, it is marked like the focussed patient noun phrase of a transitive clause.

The grammar also contains a glossary of some 1050 entries and two narrative Beria texts with interlinear glossing and French translation.


Under these links you will find publications by the authors and further descriptions of Beria, among them a monograph on the categories noun, verb, and “nominoverbal” (auxiliaries) in Beria:

Accompanying material:



The timing of the publication of “Grammaire du beria” could hardly be more fitting: while the eyes of the world are averted from the troubled Dar Fur area of Sudan, Angelika Jakobi and Joachim Crass’s linguistic work returns a peaceful homage to those among the Beri (Zaghawa) people who are victims of ongoing atrocities in the region.

Erik John Anonby in Journal of African Languages and Linguistics, 28/2, 2007, 217-220

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